The Hot Zone
China's newly announced air defense identification zone over the East China Sea aims to shore up national security
Current Issue
· Table of Contents
· Editor's Desk
· Previous Issues
· Subscribe to Mag
Subscribe Now >>
Expert's View
Market Watch
North American Report
Government Documents
Expat's Eye
Photo Gallery
Reader's Service
Learning with
'Beijing Review'
E-mail us
RSS Feeds
PDF Edition
Reader's Letters
Make Beijing Review your homepage
Hot Links

cheap eyeglasses
Market Avenue

Backgrounders> Nation
UPDATED: December 13, 2006 NO.26 JUNE 29, 2006
History of the Railway
Around 1919 Sun Yat-sen proposed for the first time the building of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway in his 200,000-word book Plans for National Reconstruction, which served as an important reference for future construction plans of the railway.

1943 and 1945 An engineering team conducted a field survey of the area between Gansu and Qinghai provinces and drew a line profile map. However, due to China’s lack of national strength and technology, the railway remained a “concept railway” in the five decades that followed.

1955 China’s Central Government issued an order that a railway must be built on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Officials from the Ministry of Railways were sent to Tibet to conduct further field surveys.

January 1956 The No.1 Survey and Design Institute of the Ministry of Railways conducted a comprehensive survey of the 2,000-km route between Lanzhou and Lhasa.

September 1958 Construction of the section of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway between Xining, capital of Qinghai, and Golmud in western Qinghai began in secret, and the State Council set up a bureau in charge of the construction. In June 1960, the bureau for construction of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway was closed. The following March, construction was completely frozen for what would end up being more than a decade.

July 1973 The Central Government decided to resume work on a 652-km stretch between Hairug and Golmud.

March 1974 Construction of the Xining-Golmud section was fully resumed.

July 1978 Construction of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway was suspended again because of the two technical bottlenecks of laying tracks on the frozen earth and carrying out engineering projects under the conditions of insufficient oxygen and severe cold at high altitude. However, by then the western stretch of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway had been completed and it officially went into operation on May 1, 1984. This laid the foundation for the future construction of the section between Golmud and Lhasa.

May-September 1997 The Ministry of Railways twice organized experts to research and compare four schemes for building the rest of the railway. Due to major disagreements, the debate lasted through early 2000, when a feasibility study report on the Qinghai-Tibet Railway was eventually released.

June 29, 2001 Construction of the section between Golmud and Lhasa began.

October 2005 The laying of the tracks for the entire line was completed.

July 1, 2006 The Qinghai-Tibet Railway goes into trial operation, one year ahead of schedule.

Top Story
-Protecting Ocean Rights
-Partners in Defense
-Fighting HIV+'s Stigma
-HIV: Privacy VS. Protection
-Setting the Tone
Related Stories
-High-Altitude Transport
-Connecting People
-Down the Line
-Keeping Track of Culture
-A 'Green' Railroad?
Most Popular
About BEIJINGREVIEW | About beijingreview.com | Rss Feeds | Contact us | Advertising | Subscribe & Service | Make Beijing Review your homepage
Copyright Beijing Review All right reserved