Xi'an, the provincial capital of Shaanxi Province in central China, is one of the most important cities in the country's history. Under the name of Chang'an, or perpetual peace, it was the longest-serving capital city in China, its reign lasting at least 12 dynasties through the Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.), the Han Dynasty (202 B.C.-220), and the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The 3,000-year-old city was also one of the world's largest and most cosmopolitan cities and the gateway to the Silk Road to Central Asia.
Its rich cultural heritage has boosted the city's international fame as a tourist destination. One of the must-sees in China for overseas travelers are the Terracotta Warriors at the mausoleum of Qinshihuang, the first emperor of a unified nation. Despite its glorious past, Xi'an in recent years has lagged behind other big cities in China in economic growth.
As a new measure to revitalize the city, the Xi'an Municipal Government has launched a plan to revive its prime years during the Tang Dynasty, through both cultural development and economic investment.