The Chinese Government has taken active measures to implement the outcome documents of the Washington Nuclear Security Summit and made significant progress in the following areas:
1. Enhancing national nuclear security capabilities. The Chinese Government has increased its input in nuclear security, improved relevant regulations and standards system, and upgraded the level of nuclear security management. The Government conducted comprehensive analysis and inspection of nuclear facilities all over the country, assessed the effectiveness of the security system of operational nuclear power plants and put forward recommendations for upgrading. Twelve volumes of IAEA Nuclear Security Series were translated into Chinese, and are now being applied. Emphasis has been put on human resources development, and all-dimensional training programs and diversified training models have been established. Since April 2010, China has organized, in cooperation with the IAEA, the U.S. and other countries, about 20 training courses and seminars for more than 500 staff involved in nuclear security.
2. Supporting the implementation of relevant international conventions and UNSC resolutions. China ratified the 2005 Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material in October 2008, and is formulating or improving supporting domestic laws and regulations, including enacting the Regulation on the Supervision and Management of Nuclear Security. China ratified the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism in August 2010. China has strictly implemented its obligations under relevant UNSC resolutions, including Resolution 1540 and Resolution 1887.
3. Advancing the establishment of Center of Excellence on Nuclear Security (CoE). In January 2011, China and the U.S. signed the Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation in Establishing a Center of Excellence on Nuclear Security. The design of the CoE has been completed and construction has already started. In November 2011, China established the National Nuclear Security Technology Center, which is responsible for the construction, management and operation of the CoE. China welcomes the willingness expressed by the IAEA, Canada and other countries to participate in the construction of the CoE and relevant consultations are under way. China will actively make use of this CoE to provide nuclear security training to other countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
4. Converting HEU research reactors. In September 2010, the relevant research institutions of China and the U.S. signed an agreement to convert a miniature research reactor in China from using HEU to LEU fuel. Now this project has entered into implementation phase. China is willing to assist other countries in converting their research reactors by utilizing the expertise and experience gained from the relevant cooperation with the United States.