China's Nuclear Power Plants
Plants in operation
1. Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant
The first stage was the first 300-mw PWR nuclear power plant independently designed, constructed, operated and managed by China, and started construction in March 1985, incorporated into grids in December 1991 and put into business operation in April 1994.
The second stage was the first commercially used PWR nuclear power plant with two 600-mw generating units, independently designed, constructed and managed by China, and started construction on June 2, 1996 and put into business operation on April 15, 2002.
The third stage (heavy water reactor) adopts nuclear power technologies from Canada. No.1 generating unit was incorporated into grids on November 19, 2002 and put into business operation on December 31, 2002. No.2 generating unit was incorporated into grids on June 12, 2003, and put into business operation on July 24, 2003.
2. Guangdong Dayawan Nuclear Power Plant
Construction began on August 7, 1987. Its two generating units were put into business operation on February 1 and May 6, 1994. It is the first large-scale commercial nuclear power plant of China that introduces foreign capitals, equipment and technologies.
3. Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant
Construction started on October 20, 1999, and was put into operation in 2004 and 2005. It uses nuclear power technologies from Russia.
4. Ling'ao Nuclear Power Plant
With the first stage being started construction in May 1997, it owned two gw-level PWR nuclear power generating units and was put into business operation in January 2003. The second stage is under construction now.
Plants under construction
1. Guangdong Yangjiang Nuclear Power Plant
With planned investment of $8 billion and six gw-level generating units, it is the largest nuclear power project in China. Construction of the first stage began in 2006.
2. Zhejiang Sanmen Nuclear Power Plant
Construction began in July 2004. It has planned installed capacity of six gw-level generating units. The investment in the first stage is $3.33 billion for two gw-level PWR generating units which are the most advanced in China. Sanmen Nuclear Power Plant will be completed in around 2010 with a total installed capacity of 12 gw, surpassing that of the Three Gorges Hydropower Station.
3. Liaoning Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant
With planned investment of $6.67 billion and the principal part of the project being started in August 2007, it is planned to be complete for business operation in 2012 with six gw-level generating units.
4. Jiangxi Province is planning to set up a nuclear power plant in Pengze County on the south bank of the Yangtze River. With planned investment of $5.33 billion and installed capacity of 4 gw, this project will be started in 2008.
5. Chongqing is planning to set up a nuclear power plant in Fuling with planned investment of $2.67 billion and installed capacity of 1.8 gw. The planned annual electricity generation will be 8.5 billion kwh. The first generating unit will be put into operation in 2013. The owner of this project is China Power Investment Corp.
6. Hunan Province is planning a nuclear power project with total installed capacity of 6 gw, of which 2 gw will be completed in the first stage. By now contract negotiation of eight peripheral subjects such as hydrology has been finished. It is expected to finish the preliminary feasibility study next year and submit the project proposal.
7. Weihai, Shandong Province, is planning to establish a 195-mw gas-cooled-reactor nuclear power plant. It will be the first pebble-bed nuclear reactor in commercial use in the world. China Huaneng Group, the country's largest power company, takes the lead of construction of this project.