On February 21, 2006, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued Several Opinions Concerning Promoting Construction of a New Socialist Countryside.
The No. 1 Document of 2006 noted that the historic task of building a new socialist countryside put forward at the Fifth Plenum of the 16th CPC Central Committee would achieve remarkable progress in the year.
The document stressed the importance of rural issues, saying the resolution to rural issues was of great significance and difficulty in the process of China's industrialization and urbanization.
Constructing a new socialist countryside was the foremost task facing China in the 2006-2010 five-year period, said the document.
To achieve the goals, China must step up efforts in coordinating the development of urban and rural areas, developing modern agriculture, boosting farmers' incomes, enhancing rural infrastructure, promoting social causes in rural areas and deepening rural reforms, it said.