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Special> CPC Celebrates 90th Anniversary 1921-2011> Achievements
UPDATED: July 19, 2010 NO. 29, JULY 22, 2010
A Milestone in Cross-Straits Relations
Trade agreement expected to strengthen economic links between the Chinese mainland and Taiwan


INKING A LANDMARK DEAL: Chen Yunlin (right), President of the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits, and Chiang Pin-kung, Chairman of the Straits Exchange Foundation, attends the signing ceremony of the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement in Chongqing on June 29 (CFP) 

Chongqing, the southwestern municipality that served as China's capital during World War II, will be remembered again for hosting a landmark event in the Chinese history on June 29. On that day, Chen Yunlin, President of the mainland's Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits, and Chiang Pin-kung, Chairman of Taiwan's Straits Exchange Foundation, signed the long-awaited Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA) in Chongqing, a move hailed by many as a milestone in cross-Straits relations.

Historic pact


PEOPLE TO PEOPLE LINKS: A 1,000-person delegation leaving from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region boards an airplane for Taipei on July 1. It was the first mainland delegation to vi it Taiwan after the signing of the (ECFA LIN YANHUA) 

As a landmark event for the development of cross-Straits relations, the signing of the ECFA ushers in a new era for both sides of the Taiwan Straits and is favorable to the interests of the mainland, Taiwan and the international community. It will also have a profound bearing on peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, as well as prosperity and the stability of East Asia.

The historical impact and important influence of the ECFA are mainly as follow.

First, the free trade pact will facilitate Taiwan's recovery from the global financial crisis. The signing of the ECFA comes from the need that both sides have to respond to more integrated regional economic activities. As for Taiwan's economy, although the ECFA is no panacea, it could be an effective catalyst for improvement. The ECFA can help Taiwan avoid being marginalized in the process of economic globalization and regional economic integration. After it comes into effect, Taiwan can take advantage of the fast growth of the mainland economy to facilitate its economic restructuring and boost the competitiveness of its economy. It can also improve Taiwan's investment environment so as to attract Taiwan's local companies, mainland companies and foreign companies to contribute to Taiwan's economy.


BLOODY ARGUMENT: Democratic Progressive Party legislator Kuo Wen-chen falls off the podium while scuffling with Kuomintang legislators at Taiwan's "Legislative Yuan" in Taipei on July 8, as a debate over how to review the ECFA disintegrated into a brawl (CNSPHOTO) 

An impact study on the ECFA by the Chung-hua Institution for Economic Research, which was commissioned by Taiwan's economic affairs authorities, indicates the implementation of the ECFA will give a strong boost to Taiwan's economy, driving up its GDP by 1.65 percent to 1.72 percent, its exports by 4.99 percent and its imports by 7.07 percent. According to the study, Taiwan will have inflow of new foreign direct investment totaling $8.9 billion over the next seven years. A new report by the U.S. think tank, the Peterson Institute for International Economics, says that Taiwan's GDP will grow by about 4.5 percent from the current level due to the effects of the ECFA.

Second, the ECFA will help Taiwan's social reforms. For a long time, due to confrontation between pro- and anti-"Taiwan independence" camps and cross-Straits tension, some urgently needed social development programs have been set aside in Taiwan. Social problems, such as the conflicts between labor and management and the widening gap between the rich and the poor, have yet to be solved. The current Taiwan authorities led by Ma Ying-jeou have tried to improve people's wellbeing by improving cross-Straits relations and solving the unemployment problem, which has created conditions needed for Taiwan to launch a social reform campaign in the future. The improvement of cross-Straits relations is helpful to relegate the debate between pro- and anti-"Taiwan independence" camps to a lower position. Cross-Straits economic and trade cooperation will boost Taiwan's economy. Their developments will enable Taiwan people shift the focus of their attention back to social problems, which will encourage political forces in the island to concentrate on major public concerns and people's livelihood. Thus the society can go through progressive reforms, which will also promote Taiwan's political progress.

Third, the ECFA will reduce Taiwan's reliance on the United States and Japan. Taiwan has been politically and economically dependent on the two countries for a long time. The improvement of cross-Straits relations, enhanced economic cooperation and the realization of "three direct links" of trade, mail, air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits may lessen Taiwan's reliance on the United States and Japan. The ECFA will bring Taiwan closer to the fast-growing mainland economy, which will facilitate Taiwan's economic growth.

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