4.3 Climate Change Science and Technology
- To strengthen the macro-management and coordination for climate change related scientific research. Measures in this regard include: further understanding the significance of climate change related scientific and technological research; complying with the guiding principle of "making independent innovation, achieving breakthrough in key areas, supporting the development and guiding the future trend" for scientific research; meeting the requirements of Framework of National Program for Medium-to-Long-Term Scientific and Technological Development on climate change related scientific research; strengthening the macro-management and policy guidance for scientific and technological research on climate change; refining the leadership and coordination mechanism for scientific and technological research on climate change; improving the regional and industrial allocation of climate change related scientific research; further reinforcing the support to climate change related scientific research; speeding up the integration of climate change science and technology resources; encouraging and supporting innovation of climate change science and technology; and bringing science and technology into full play as the basic supporting force in response to climate change.
- To promote scientific research and technological development in key areas of climate change. Measures in this regard include: strengthening the research on scientific facts and uncertainty, impacts of climate change on social economy, analysis of the effectiveness of socioeconomic benefits and costs in response to climate change, technological options in response to climate change and effectiveness assessment; strengthening observation on climate change, research and development on global climate change monitoring technology, technology for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation technology to enhance China's capacity in response to climate change and implementing the UNFCCC; paying special attention to the research and development of large-scale and precise climate change monitoring technology, energy efficiency and clean energy technology, emission control and utilization technology for carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gas emissions in key sectors, biological carbon-capture technology and carbon sequestration technology.
- To strengthen the construction of talent in the area of climate change science and technology. Measures in this regard include: strengthening personnel training; establishing effective incentive and competition mechanism and a favorable academic environment for talent development; paying special attention to foster academic leaders and eminent candidates with international vision and the ability to lead climate change studies, and encouraging young talents to distinguish themselves; strengthening the disciplinary development of climate change science; speeding up the construction and integration of talent teams; establishing an "open, flowing, competitive and cooperative" operation mechanism for climate change research institutes; making full use of various channels and approaches to enhance the research ability and independent innovation capacity of China's scientists and research institutions; building up a climate change science and technology management team and research and development team in the context of China's national circumstances; encouraging and recommending China's scientists to participate in international research and development programs on global climate change and get positions in international research institutions.
- To increase the financial support to climate change related scientific and technological research. Measures in this regard include: establishing relatively stable governmental-funded channels as the main financing sources to enlarge the official financial support to climate change related scientific and technological research; taking measures to ensure the full allocation and efficient utilization of governmental investment; raising fund through various channels and by various means from all circles of the society to support climate change scientific and technological research; introducing venture capital in the area of climate change study; guiding business and enterprises to increase their investment in research and development on climate change science and technology and giving full play of their role as the major body of technology innovation; utilizing bilateral and multilateral funds from foreign governments and international organizations to assist China's research and development on climate change science and technology.