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National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-2010)
Special> National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-2010)
UPDATED: December 4, 2009
Speech on Implementation of National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-2010)

A national complaint reception center has been set up. Efforts to building a national petition information system have been stepped up. "On-line petition" has been promoted in an all around manner. The Green Post project, designated hotlines, public opinion soliciting systems, systems requiring officials to read letters from the public, and regular petition reception systems have been set up.

Acquiring and disseminating information via the Internet has become increasingly prevalent. As of September 2009, China's Internet users had topped 360 million in number, and Internet popularity in China reached the world's average level. By the end of October, 96 percent of townships had had access to broad-bands, and 91 percent of villages had accessed to the Internet.

Judicial reform is well underway and the safeguarding of human rights in law enforcement has been beefed up. The amending of the Criminal Law and the Law on State Compensation have been accelerated, which underscores the protection of citizens' rights. The opinions concerning carrying out criminal victim assistance has been laid down, providing for the criteria for and procedures on criminal victims assistance, and stepping up protection for criminal victims' rights. Prevention and punishment against torturing in interrogation and other violations of rights have also been carried out. Greater efforts have been poured into handling cases of torturing and illegal detention. The issuance of 10 provisions on preventing and cracking down on bullying in detention centers, the opinions on strengthening and standardizing the serving of sentences outside prison and the work plan on deepening the procuratorial reform (2009-2012) have further standardized management and law enforcement, improved legal oversight, safeguarded judicial justice, and protected rights of detainees and ensured the correct execution of criminal penalties.

In the past year, the rights of ethnic minority groups, women, children, the elderly and the disabled have been further protected. The State Council convened the first national conference on ethnic minorities' cultures and promulgated regulations and policies to promote the development of ethnic minorities and their cultures. The government has adopted various measures to boost social and economic development in regions inhabited by ethnic groups.

This year, the central government has invested 1.24 billion yuan in infrastructure construction, housing projects and improving the minority groups' living standard and incomes. Statistics show that GDP of the Tibet Autonomous Region in the first nine months reached 30.63 billion yuan, up 11.4 percent year on year. The region's per capita disposable income for urban residents increased by 8.5 percent, per capita cash income of peasants and herdsmen increased by 15.5 percent. The governments at all levels of the region have invested a total of 1.57 billion yuan in employment work, nearly 36 times of such investment in 2003. As a result, 16,300 new jobs were created. Northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region recorded a GDP of 282.493 billion yuan in the first nine months this year, up 6.4 percent year on year. Per capita cash income of the region's farmers reached 2,983 yuan, up 14.6 percent, the fastest increase rate in the country.

In April this year, the central government launched a nationwide campaign to crack down on children and women trafficking and established a DNA database for the reported human trafficking cases. A total of 3,104 women trafficking cases have been cracked, and 2,471 children and 5,322 women have been rescued. The government also attaches great importance to the affairs concerning the disabled people, enhancing the construction of social security and service system for the disabled and keeping improving the environment for them to participate in social activities.

The above mentioned is a brief outline about the implementation of the National Human Rights Action Plan of China. Generally speaking, the plan is well implemented, and based on the current progress we are confident of realizing on time the goals set by the action plan. The success in the implementation could not have been achieved without the great attention and the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council. Meanwhile, the coordination and boost by the inter-agency meeting mechanism, the work and cooperation of relevant departments, and the wide participation, passionate support and joint efforts by news media, NGOs and the general public, ensured the success of implementation.

However, through the assessment, we also found some problems and defects in the implementation. Some local governments and departments have not paid due attention and their awareness of human rights protection was not enough. They have not actively included the human rights protection into their work. Some goals have not been achieved in time. We need to pay more attention to these problems, and at the same time, we should keep in mind that the country's economic and social development face major challenges due to the spreading international financial crisis, and that the country's huge population, low level of development, unbalanced development between different regions and deficiencies in social development will bring many new difficulties and challenges to the goals of the plan.


The National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-1010) is an important move to implement the constitutional principle of respecting and protecting human rights and to promote all-round development of China's human rights cause. It is also a solemn commitment to the world made by the Chinese government. The implementation is an important task of the Party and the government that sticks to the principle of respecting and safeguarding human rights when managing state affairs and promote scientific development and social harmony. It concerns the vital interests of the people and the general situation of the country's reform, development and stability. It also concerns the credit the government and the reputation of the country. At present, the people have set high expectations on the implementation and the international community has also shown much concern. There is only one year left to fully realize all the goals set by the action plan. Therefore, relevant departments and governments at all levels should fully understand the significance of the implementation, set all tasks of the implementation high on agenda with the sense of responsibility and urgency, and take effective measures to combine the implementation of the action plan with their work. All departments and governments should ensure that they could fulfill the tasks and goals set by the action plan in 2010, and strive for the human rights cause and the construction of a well-off society in an all-round way.

Thank you all!

(Xinhua News Agency December 3, 2009)

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