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Special> 18th CPC National Congress> Documents
UPDATED: November 12, 2012 NO. 46 NOVEMBER 15, 2012
Major Points of Hu Jintao's Report

Political Reform

Support and ensure the exercise of state power by the people through people's congresses. Deputy liaison offices should be established in people's congresses to improve the mechanism for deputies to maintain contact with the people. The organizational system for organs of state power should be improved. The members of the standing committees and special committees should be younger and their expertise should be widened. The proportion of the full-time members of these committees should be raised. Deputies to people's congresses and members of these committees should enhance their capability to perform their duties pursuant to law.

Improve the system of socialist consultative democracy. Extensive consultations should be carried out on major issues relating to economic and social development as well as specific problems involving the people's immediate interests through organs of state power, committees of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), political parties, social organizations and other channels. These should be used to solicit a wide range of opinions, pool the wisdom of the people, increase consensus, and build up synergy. We should take the CPPCC as a major channel for conducting consultative democracy. We should strengthen political consultation with the democratic parties. We should conduct intensive consultations with representatives from all sectors of society, and with relevant government authorities on the handling of proposals. We should actively carry out democratic consultation at the community level.


Improve community-level democracy. We should improve the mechanism for community-level self-governance under the leadership of community-level Party organizations to make it full of vitality. Improve the democratic management system in enterprises and public institutions with workers and employees' congress as its basic form, and protect workers' and employees' democratic rights to participate in management and supervision. Community-level organizations should also get involved to integrate government administration and community-level democracy.

Promote law-based governance of the country in an all-around way. We must make sure that all are equal before the law and that laws are observed and strictly enforced and lawbreakers are prosecuted. We must ensure that judicial and procuratorial bodies independently and impartially exercise their respective posers pursuant to law. The Party must act within the scope prescribed by the Constitution and laws. No organization or individual has the privilege of overstepping the Constitution and laws, and no one in a position of power is allowed in any way to take one's own words as the law, place one's own authority above the law or abuse the law.

Administrative reform

Deepen reform of the administrative system. We should deepen the reform of the system concerning matters subject to government examination and approval, continue to streamline administration and delegate more power to lower levels. We should steadily advance the reform to combine government departments and improve division of functions among them. We should strictly control the size of government bodies, cut the number of their leading officials, and reduce their administrative costs.

Establish a sound mechanism for conducting checks and supervision over the exercise of power. We should make sure that decision-making, executive and supervision branches check each other and function in concert and that government bodies exercise their powers in accordance with statutory mandate and procedures. We should make the exercise of power more open and standardized, and increase transparency of Party, government and judicial operations. We should improve the systems of inquiry, accountability, economic responsibility auditing, resignation and dismissal. We should tighten intra-Party, democratic and legal supervision as well as supervision through public opinion to ensure that the people oversee the exercise of power and that power is exercised in a transparent manner.

Scientific Development

The Scientific Outlook on Development is the latest achievement in developing the system of theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and it is the crystallization of the collective wisdom of the CPC and a powerful theoretical weapon for guiding the Party and the country. Together with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development is the theoretical guidance the Party must adhere to for a long time ahead.

The whole Party must more purposefully take "putting the people first" as the core requirement, more resolutely pursue a comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development and more persistently take the holistic approach as the fundamental way of thoroughly applying the Scientific Outlook on Development.

Freeing up the mind, seeking truth from facts, keeping up with the times and being realistic and pragmatic—these are the salient features of the Scientific Outlook on Development. There is no end to practice, to seeking truth, or to making theoretical innovations.

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