In 2010, under the leadership of the CPC Tibet Autonomous Regional Committee and Tibet Autonomous Regional Government, local governments and departments at all levels, taking as the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents, implemented earnestly the scientific outlook on development, focused on the guiding working principle of the region in the new era and the principles of central and regional economic work conferences, and adhered to the development path with Chinese and Tibetan characteristics. Tibet Autonomous Region implemented the economic development strategy of promoting the production level of the primary industry, attaching importance to key sectors of the secondary industry, and vigorously developing the tertiary industry. The region witnessed sound and rapid economic development, the quality of life there improved significantly, and new achievements were made in all social undertakings.
I. General Outlook
In 2010, the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Tibet Autonomous Region amounted to 50.75 billion yuan, representing a growth rate of 12.3 percent from the previous year.
Analyzed by different industries, the added value of the primary industry stood at 6.8 billion yuan, up 3.1 percent; that of the secondary industry was 16.39 billion yuan, up 14.1 percent; and the tertiary industry was 27.54 billion yuan, up 13.7 percent. The per-capita GDP was 17,319 yuan, up 11.2 percent.
The added value from the primary industry accounted for 13.4 percent of the GDP, down 1.1 percentage points from the previous year; that of the secondary industry accounted for 32.3 percent, up 1.4 percentage points, and that of the tertiary industry accounted for 54.3 percent, down 0.3 percentage points.
The consumer price index (CPI) in the region rose 2.2 percent compared with a year earlier. CPI in both urban and rural areas went up by 2.2 percent year on year. Prices of services climbed 1.5 percent, and prices of consumer products went up 2.3 percent. Of the consumer products, prices of food, tobacco and alcohol, clothing, household appliances and maintenance services, medical and personal products, and residential costs rose 4.5 percent, 1.1 percent, 2.1 percent, 0.6 percent, 1.2 percent and 2.8 percent respectively. Prices of transportation and telecommunications went down by 0.2 percent. Prices of recreational, educational, cultural articles and services dropped 0.3 percent. The retail prices of goods went up 1.0 percent while prices of agricultural means of production climbed 0.6 percent. The producer price index (PPI) grew 5.8 percent from a year ago.
At the end of 2010, the total number of those employed was 1.79 million, 64,100 more than at the end of 2009 and an increase of 3.7 percent. The registered urban unemployment rate was controlled under 4.0 percent.
In 2009, the sown area of grain in the region was 240,020 hectares, an increase of 4,950 hectares compared with the previous year. Of this total, the sown area of highland barley was 117,950 hectares, an increase of 0.1 percent from a year earlier, and the sown area of wheat totaled 37,060 hectares, an increase of 290 hectares. The sown area of rapeseed was 23,920 hectares, a drop of 500 hectares. The sown area of vegetables was 21,330 hectares, an increase of 890 hectares. The total output of grain in 2010 was 920,000 tons, an increase of 1.6 percent over the previous year. The total output of rapeseed was 58,000 tons, representing growth of 0.5 percent, and the total output of vegetables was 557,800 tons, an increase of 1.2 percent.
At the end of 2010, the total amount of livestock numbered 23.21 million, a decrease of 30,000 compared with the end of 2009. Of this total, the number of cattle and yaks was 6.54 million, an increase of 10,000, and the number of sheep and goats was 15.79 million, a decline of 50,000. In 2010, the total output of pork, beef and mutton stood at 262,900 tons, a growth of 3.0 percent from a year earlier, and the output of milk stood at 302,800 tons, up 2.9 percent.
III. Industry and Construction
In 2010, the total added value of the industrial sector was 3.97 billion yuan, an increase of 14.0 percent as compared with that in the previous year. The added value of industrial enterprises above the designated size amounted to 2.93 billion yuan, posting a growth rate of 14.0 percent. Of this total, the added value of light industry was 969 million yuan, up 8.2 percent, and that of heavy industry was 1.96 billion yuan, increasing 17.2 percent. The state-owned and state-holding enterprises realized added value of 1.59 billion yuan, a rise of 13.6 percent in comparison with a year earlier. Analyzed by registration status, the added value of state-owned enterprises totaled 945 million yuan, an increase of 19.1 percent; that of the collective enterprises was 65 million yuan, down 3.3 percent; that of share-holding enterprises rose 19.5 percent to 1.45 billion yuan; that of joint-stock cooperative enterprises was 3 million yuan, down 32.6 percent; that of the enterprises funded by foreign investors and investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan went down 2.1 percent to 202 million yuan; and that of other ownership enterprises went down 7.7 percent to 260 million yuan.