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Special> Global Financial Crisis> Latest
UPDATED: October 31, 2008  
Asia Stocks Surge 10% After Rate Cuts
Markets in Japan, Hong Kong and South Korea rocketed 10-12 percent higher

Asian stocks were set for a record rise and a third straight day of gains on Thursday as lower borrowing costs and international efforts to provide liquidity to emerging markets coaxed investors from safe havens like the yen.

A woman walks past an image of the Japanese yen's exchange rate against the US dollar projected on a wall at a foreign exchange retail trading company in Tokyo October 29, 2008. [Agencies]

Markets in Japan, Hong Kong and South Korea rocketed 10-12 percent higher, dragging along commodity prices in the wake of the Federal Reserve's cut in rates to the lowest since June 2004, aimed at softening the blow of a potentially deep US recession.

The Chinese mainland, Hong Kong, Norway and China's Taiwan Province all delivered cuts of their own, and pressure mounted on the Bank of Japan to reduce rates after it meets on Friday.

Major European share markets were expected to open up as much as 2.1 percent, according to financial bookmakers, with the European Central Bank and the Bank of England expected to lower their own respective interest rates next week.

The avalanche of government measures taken to increase bank liquidity, including $120 billion of currency swap lines opened between the Fed and four developing economies, and global rate cuts have prompted investors to make room in their cash-heavy portfolios for riskier assets. Credit availability and risk taking are essential to the functioning of the financial system.

"Ongoing policy initiatives from global central bankers and policymakers are finally gaining some traction," said Patrick Bennett, Asia foreign exchange and rates strategist with Societe Generale in Hong Kong.

"Despite the welcome responses to policy actions, risk from slower global growth has not been extinguished and still points to potential underperformance for much of Asia," he said in a note.

The MSCI Asia-Pacific ex-Japan stocks index rose 10 percent, up a third day and on track for the biggest daily gain since the index was started in 1988. The last time the index rose for three straight days was in mid-June, reflecting the relentless selling that has battered shares. The index is still down 54 percent so far this year.

Investors have snapped up global equities this week on the first sign of improving sentiment, with valuations in some markets at extreme levels. For example, the ratio of prices to book value on Japan's Nikkei share average dropped on Monday to 0.87, the lowest in more than a decade.

The Nikkei rose 10 percent, recovering from a 26-year low hit on Tuesday. The weaker yen emboldened investors to buy shares of exporters such as Honda Motor Co and Canon Inc.

South Korea's KOSPI surged 12 percent, leading the region higher with its largest ever daily increase, after the government established a $30 billion currency swap line with the US central bank. The measure would likely relieve pressure on banks to refinance foreign debt.

Hong Kong stocks rose 1,627.78 points, or 12.82 percent, to close at 14,329.85 on Thursday. CNOOC, China's biggest offshore oil refiner, leapt 18 percent.

China's benchmark Shanghai Composite Index on the Shanghai Stock Exchange closed at 1,763.61 points on Thursday, up 43.795 points, or 2.55 percent, from the previous close.

US stocks mostly fell overnight as a big rally faltered in the last minutes of trading on worries about the weakening corporate profit picture after a news report raised questions about General Electric's earnings outlook.

Emerging Optimism

The yen weakened on the combination of increasing risk appetite as well as expectations of the first rate cut by the Bank of Japan since the financial crisis broke out more than a year ago.

The European single currency jumped 3.1 percent against the yen to 130.10 yen after briefly rising above 131 yen. Just last Friday the euro hit a 6-1/2-year low below 114 yen.

The euro to just above 131 yen. The euro hit a 6-1/2-year low below 114 yen last Friday.

The dollar rose 1.0 percent to 98.35 yen after briefly climbing above 99 yen. It hit a 13-year trough of 90.87 yen on trading platform EBS late last week.

Analysts at Morgan Stanley however said they still expected the yen to continue climbing.

"Our view is that yen strength owes more to de-risking and repatriation flows that do not seem to have run their course, yet," they said in a note.

The US.Federal Reserve cut rates by 1/2 a percentage point, in line with most analysts' forecasts. [Agencies]

In addition to foreign exchange swaps established between the Fed and central banks in Brazil, Mexico, Singapore and South Korea, the International Monetary Fund in a separate action set up a short-term fund for countries with good track records but in need of capital.

The two measures improved sentiment on emerging markets and helped to propel the Korean won 10 percent higher against the US dollar and cut the cost of protection against a default on Asian government debt.

Emerging markets have been a source of pain for many investors, including hedge funds. Last month, the Credit Suisse/Tremont emerging markets hedge fund index showed a loss of 8.9 percent, the biggest in a decade, exceeding the 6.5 percent decline on the benchmark hedge fund index.

Raw materials prices rose in the wake of the US dollar's sharp decline overnight. US crude futures were up $2.72 above $70.22 barrel, having risen around $9 from the lowest level since May 2007 reached on Monday.

(China Daily October 31, 2008)

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