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Government Documents
UPDATED: July 26, 2010 NO. 30 JULY 29, 2010
Declaration of the 10th Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the SCO Member States
Tashkent, June 10-11, 2010

The 10th meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (hereinafter referred to as "the SCO" or "the Organization") took place in Tashkent on 10 and 11 June 2010. The member states exchanged views on major international and regional issues and state the following:

1. The world is undergoing major development, transformation and adjustment. A multipolar world is taking shape, countries are increasingly interdependent and globalization is gaining momentum. All this has major implications for the development of the world economy and international relations.

The SCO member states believe that the ongoing transformation of the world, though posing new threats and challenges, is creating new opportunities for the establishment of a more just international political and economic order, one that must be in conformity with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and built upon equal-footed and mutually-beneficial cooperation as well as primacy of international law.

The SCO member states reaffirm their commitment to the purposes and principles of the Organization on the basis of the principles of the Charter of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the provisions of the Treaty on Long-Term Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation among the SCO Member States.

2. Since its inception, the Organization has become an effective and open multilateral organization that plays an important role in international and regional security and cooperation. The Organization will continue to resolve major issues arising from international and regional development in a non-ideological, non-bloc and non-confrontational way.

The SCO member states are determined to intensify all-dimensional cooperation within the SCO context to turn the Organization into a staunch force for regional peace, stability and prosperity.

3. In view of what has happened in the Kyrgyz Republic, the SCO member states reiterate their principled position of mutual respect for each other's sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, opposition to interference in the internal affairs of sovereign states or any actions that may cause tension in the region, and believe that all disputes must be settled by political and diplomatic means through dialogue and consultation.

The SCO member states emphasize the significance of the early return to political stability in Kyrgyzstan to the whole region and stand ready to provide necessary support and assistance to the Kyrgyz Republic to this end.

4. The SCO member states reaffirm the central role of the UN as a unique and even irreplaceable multilateral cooperation mechanism in international relations.

The SCO member states intend to carry out further coordination on the issue of reforming the UN and its Security Council. Given that the reform concerns the interests of the entire UN membership, a package plan with the broadest consensus should be sought through ongoing open and comprehensive consultations.

5. The priority of the international community has now shifted to dealing with new security threats and challenges. It has become all the more important to fight terrorism in all forms and resolve the multitude of problems plaguing international and regional security through cooperation. The SCO member states will actively follow through on the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, relevant UN Security Council resolutions and the SCO Counter-Terrorism Convention, and prevent the ideology of terrorism and extremism through dialogue among different civilizations and cultures.

6. The SCO member states stress that the Organization should put emphasis on coordination and cooperation to tackle the international financial crisis and minimize its adverse impact. To this end, it is important to advance economic modernization of the SCO member states, promote innovation, ensure equal participation of the various countries in decision-making regarding major international issues and step up global and regional coordination.

The Organization is committed to promoting trade and investment facilitation and carrying out joint development projects on intra- and inter-regional transportation and communication infrastructure to boost the economic competitiveness of the member states.

7. It is of decisive significance to the present-day world to build an international security system based on respect for international law and fulfillment of states' obligations. To achieve this, effective measures must be adopted in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation.

The SCO member states call for the strict implementation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, including provisions on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The member states are of the view that the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia, a major step to safeguard regional peace and security, will make a significant contribution to a stronger nuclear non-proliferation regime and a safer and more secure region and world. The signing of the relevant protocol to the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty by nuclear-weapon states will be an effective step towards this end.

The SCO member states welcome the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms signed in Prague on April 8, 2010.

The SCO member states stress that unrestricted deployment of global missile defense system may become a source of instability in the international situation, like the danger brought by deploying weapons in the outer space, and result in the proliferation and increase of missile weapons in various regions.

8. The continuing deterioration of the situation in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and terrorism, drug trafficking and transnational organized crimes originating from that country remain serious threats to the region. As determining factors of maintaining security, peace and stability in Afghanistan will contribute to the long-term economic and social development of the whole region.

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