With respect to electric and electronic products that may pollute the environment in dismounting and disposal, toxic and harmful substances prohibited by the state shall not be used in design. The catalogue of toxic and harmful substances that are prohibited to use in electric and electronic products, etc. shall be formulated by the general administration for developing circular economy under the State Council with the competent department of environmental protection under the State Council.
The design of product packing shall be subject to the product packing standard to avoid wasting resources and polluting the environment due to over-packing.
Article 20 Industrial enterprises shall adopt advanced or proper water-saving technologies, processes and equipment, set forth and implement water-saving plan, enhance water-saving management and make complete control of water consumption in production.
Industrial enterprises shall enhance their quantitative management of water consumption, equip with and use acceptable water volume measuring devices and establish a water consumption statistics system and a water use analysis system.
A new, reconstruction or expansion project shall have water-saving facilities. Such water-saving facilities shall be designed, built and used at the same time with the principal part of the project.
The state encourages and supports coastal areas to conduct seawater desalination and direct use of seawater to save fresh water.
Article 21 The state encourages and supports enterprises to use high-efficient oil-saving products.
Enterprises engaging in power, oil processing, chemical, steel, nonferrous metals and building materials, etc. shall, within the scope and time limit provided by the state, replace fuel oil by clean energies including clean coal, petroleum coke and natural gas, and stop using oil generating sets and oil-fired boilers which do not comply with provisions of the state.
Combustion engine and motor vehicle producers shall adopt oil-saving technologies in accordance with the economic standard for combustion engine and motor vehicle to reduce the consumption of oil products.
Article 22 Any entity exploiting mineral resources shall make a comprehensive plan, set forth a reasonable development and use scheme, and take proper exploiting sequence, methods and ore dressing processes. Exploitation license issuing agencies shall verify indicators concerning mining recovery rate, dilution rate, recovery of ore dressing, water cycle utilization rate of the mine, land reclamation rate, etc. in the development and use plan submitted by the applicant. For those which are unqualified, the agency shall not issue the exploitation license. The exploitation license issuing agencies shall strengthen administration and supervision over the exploitation of mineral resources according to law.
Mining enterprises shall, while exploiting main mineral species, conduct a comprehensive exploitation and a proper use of commercially valuable intergrown and associated minerals; with respect to minerals that have to be exploited at the same time while cannot be used currently and tailings containing useful components, they shall take protection measures to avoid resource waste and ecological destruction.
Article 23 Entities engaging in architecture design, building and construction shall adopt technologies and processes that save energy, water, land and materials, and use small, light and recycle products for the buildings and structures designed, built or constructed by them in accordance with relevant national provisions and standards. Areas shall, if possible, fully take advantage of renewable resources such as solar energy, geothermal energy and wind energy.
The state encourages production of building materials by use of nontoxic and harmless solid waste, encourages the use of bulk cements, and promotes the use of ready-mixed concrete and mortar.
The act of destroying cultivated land to make bricks is prohibited. The production, sale and use of clay bricks are prohibited within the time limit and areas provided by the State Council or the governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.
Article 24 The people's governments at or above county level as well as their agricultural departments shall promote the intensive use of land, encourage and support agricultural producers to adopt advanced planting, breeding and irrigating technologies that reduce the use of water, fertilizer and pesticide, promote the energy saving of agricultural machinery, and give priority to develop ecological agriculture.
In areas short of water, efforts shall be made to adjust planting structure, give priority to develop water-saving agriculture, promote the collection and utilization of rain water and build and maintain water-efficient irritating facilities to raise water use efficiency and reduce the vaporization and loss of water.
Article 25 Government agencies and other organizations using fiscal capital shall practice strict economy, stop wasting, use products, devices and facilities that save energy, water, land and material and be conductive to protecting the environment, and save official supplies. Departments responsible for government administrative affairs under the State Council and the people's governments at or above county level shall formulate energy and water quota for government agencies at the same level; financial departments shall make expenditure standard according to the quota.