Kim Jong Il was born on February 16, 1942. In 1960, he began to study at the Politics and Economics Department of Kim Il Sung University and graduated four years later.
He started working for the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) in 1964. On October 8, 1997, he was elected general secretary of the WPK Central Committee.
In April 1992, he was given the title of Marshal of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
He died on December 17, 2011.
(Source: Xinhua News Agency)