International Department of the CPC Central Committee       BEIJING REVIEW
Special Issue on the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee       MONTHLY
China's Economic and Social Development

Enhanced National Strength

China' gross domestic product (GDP) totaled 99.1 trillion yuan ($14.8 trillion) in 2019, accounting for 16 percent of the global economy and contributing about 30 percent to world economic growth.

In 2019, China' per capita GDP exceeded the 10,000-dollar mark for the first time as the size of its middle-income group continued to expand.

From 2015 to 2019, more than 60 million new jobs were created in urban areas.

The overall prices remained stable. China' foreign exchange reserves maintained above $3 trillion.

The total output of grain has remained above 650 million tonnes for many years in a row.

The value-added output of the manufacturing industry has topped the world for many years.

The value-added output of the service sector accounted for 53.9 percent of GDP in 2019, up 3.4 percentage points from 2015.

By the end of 2019, China' high-speed railway network topped 35,000 km, accounting for more than two thirds of the world’s total.

China has more than 140,000 km of expressways, ranking first in the world.

Steady progress has been made in 5G commercial use.

A bullet train runs through the Juyongguan Tunnel of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou High-Speed Railway in Beijing on October 6 (XINHUA)

An unmanned carrier with artificial intelligence and 5G technologies operates in the workshop of a digital technology company in Zaozhuang, Shandong Province in east China, on October 26 (XINHUA)

Workers of a company in Chongqing, southwest China, make masks on March 2 (XINHUA)

Harvesters at work in a wheat field in a village in Dengzhou, Henan Province in central China, on May 26 (XINHUA)

A farmer loads harvested wheat onto a truck in Xinghuliu, a village in Liaocheng, Shandong Province in east China, on June 15 (XINHUA)

The construction site of the Beijing-Xiongan intercity railway in Xiongan New Area, Hebei Province in north China on July 24 (XINHUA)

The Jinan-Tai'an Expressway in Shandong Province, east China, is put into operation on October 27. The 55.9-km expressway has shortened the travel time between the two cities to half an hour (XINHUA)

A container is loaded onto a China-Europe freight train at the Haicang Station in Xiamen, Fujian Province in southeast China, on April 25 (XINHUA)

A robot grabs a drink for visitors at the 2019 World 5G Conference held in Beijing, November 21, 2019 (XINHUA)

Boosted New Developments

In 2019, China' total retail sales of consumer goods, a major indicator of consumption growth, exceeded 40 trillion yuan ($5.98 trillion). And the contribution of final consumption expenditure to GDP remained at around 60 percent.

From 2015 to 2019, the added value of strategic emerging industries grew at an annual average of 10.4 percent in real terms.

In 2019, China ranked 14th in the Global Innovation Index, moving up three spots from the previous year.

The total investment in R&D ranked the second in the world.

The rate of the urban population against the total population stood at 60.6 percent in China at the end of 2019, up 4.5 percentage points from that of 2015.

Energy consumption per unit of GDP dropped 13.2 percent between 2015 and 2019.

The share of good air quality days in China’s 337 cities at or above the prefecture level hit 82 percent in 2019.

Some 74.9 percent of surface water monitored was graded Class I to III (good quality) in 2019, up 8.9 percentage points from 2015.

The number of pilot free trade zones was expanded to 21.

Robots and intelligent equipment for warehousing, logistics and manufacturing processes and supply chains developed by Megvii, an AI solution provider, are displayed at China International Fair for Trade in Services on September 6 (XINHUA)

Yang Feng, a river chief in Xinhe Community in Kunming, Yunnan Province, consults a local resident on pollution control efforts on January 6, 2017 (XINHUA)

A Chinese traditional medicine robot pulse a patient at China International Fair for Trade in Services on September 7. It can interact with people through TCM diagnosis, and provides services such as physical examination and health consultation (XINHUA)

A robot workshop in the hi-tech industrial zone in Tangshan, Hebei Province in north China, on April 29 (XINHUA)

A hi-tech industrial zone in Yulin, Shaanxi Province, on May 26. The area was covered by sand dunes of Maowusu Desert, China’s eighth largest desert that spanned across 42,200 square kilometers in Ningxia, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia in northwestern China, 20 years ago (XINHUA)

A live-streaming hostess sells edible fungus through live-streaming in Zhashui County, Shaanxi Province in northeast China, July 21. E-commerce has helped many people get out of poverty (XINHUA)

Improved People's Livelihood

From 2016 to 2019, more than 50 million poor people in Chinese rural areas shook off poverty.

The per capita net income of the poor rose from 3,416 yuan ($510.9) in 2015 to 9,808 yuan ($1,466.8) in 2019, an average annual growth of 30.2 percent.

China' per capita disposable income stood at 30,733 yuan ($4,461.95) in 2019, an increase of 39.9 percent over 2015.

The Engel' coefficient, which measures food expenditures as a proportion of total household spending, dropped to 28.2 percent in 2019, down 2.4 percentage points from 2015.

Household appliances were popularized, and the average ownership of cars per 100 households reached 35.3.

By commencing renovation projects on 21.57 million homes from 2016 to 2019, China has already exceeded its target for housing renovation in rundown urban areas set for the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020), which was renovating 20 million homes.

In 2019, the rate for nine-year compulsory education was 94.8 percent, the gross enrollment rate of higher education exceeded 50 percent, and the average education for the working-age population reached 10.7 years.

The average life expectancy of the Chinese people reached 77.3 years as of the end of 2019.

A technician works at an edible mushroom laboratory at the relocation area in Lianhua Village of Pengshui County, Chongqing in southwest China, on March 10. In recent years, the local authorities have set up edible mushroom production chain, agricultural products processing companies and public service facilities around the relocation area, as a way to help villagers start their new life (XINHUA)

A live-streamer dances during an online event to promote local farm products in Luopu, a county in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, northwest China, on September 26. Luopu and nine other last impoverished counties in the region were announced to be poverty-free by the regional government on October 19 (XINHUA)

Aerial photo taken on August 31, 2019 shows Central Primary School of Fuwen Township at Fuwen Village of Chun’an County in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province in east China (XINHUA)

Students play at a primary school in Dongxiang Autonomous County, Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province in northwest China, on May 29 (XINHUA)

Villagers receive routine check-up at a rheumatism research base in the village of Caiqutang in Yangbajain Township, in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, southwest China, on August 27 (XINHUA)


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