Jiang Zemin has been reelected General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau and Chairman of the Military Commission of the Party's Central Committee. He was first elected to this supreme post of the Party in June 1989, at the 4th Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee.
Born in August 1926, Jiang Zemin is a native of Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province. He joined the Communist Party in April 1946 and graduated from Jiaotong University in Shanghai as an electrical engineering major the next year. When Shanghai was liberated, he was assigned to take over a big foodstuffs factory.
In 1955 Jiang went to the former Soviet Union and worked in the Stalin Automobile Plant in Moscow for one year as a trainee. After his return to China, he did technical work in Changchun, Wuhan, Beijing and other places, serving as a factory director, research institute director, section chief and finally department director.
After 1980, he served as vice-chairman and concurrent secretary general of both the State Commission on the Administration of Imports and Exports and the State Commission on the Administration of Foreign Investment. After 1982, he worked in the Electronics Ministry as first vice-minister, deputy secretary of its leading Party group, minister and secretary of its leading Party group.
After 1985, he served as mayor of Shanghai, deputy secretary and then secretary of the Shanghai municipal Party committee.
In September 1982 Jiang was elected a member of the CPC Central Committee at the Party's 12th National Congress. In November 1987 he was elected member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee at the First Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee.
In June 1989, at the Fourth Plenum of the Party's 13th Central Committee, Jiang was elected member of the Political Bureau Standing Committee and General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee. In November 1989, at the Fifth Plenum of the Party's 13th Central Committee, he was elected Chairman of the Military Commission of the CPC Central Committee. In March 1990, at the Third General Session of the Seventh National People's Congress, he was elected Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China.
Li Peng, 64, was re-elected to the Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee's Political Bureau.
Five years ago, Li was first elected into the Political Bureau's Standing Committee at the First Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee.
Li was born in October 1928 in Chengdu, Sichuan Province. He joined the CPC in November 1945. During 1941-46, he studied in schools in Yanan and Zhangjiakou.
In 1948, he was sent to study in the Moscow Power Institute as a hydro-electric engineering major and acted as Chairman of the Chinese Students Association in the Soviet Union. After returning home in 1955, he worked at various technical and administrative posts in northeast China.
After 1966, he served as director of the Beijing Power Administration. In the 1979-83 period, he worked as vice-minister and minister of the power industry and first vice-minister of water conservancy and electric power.
Li was elected a member of the Party Central Committee at the Party's 12th National Congress in 1982 and was named a member of the Political Bureau and member of the Secretariat of the Party Central Committee at the Fifth Plenum of the Party's 12th Central Committee in 1985.
Beginning from 1983, he served as vice-premier and a member of the leading group under the Party Central Committee in charge of finance and economy, supervising industrial sectors of energy, transportation and raw materials supply.
In 1985, Li began to serve concurrently as minister of the State Education Commission.
In November 1987, Li was appointed acting premier of the State Council, and became premier five months later.
During 1988-90, Li was concurrently chairman of the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic System.
Qiao Shi became a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee in 1987, and was re-elected to the Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee's Political Bureau at the recent national Party Congress.
Born in Zhejiang's Dinghai County in 1924, Qiao joined the CPC at the age of 16. After 1945 he served as deputy secretary of the committee of the new urban area under Shanghai's underground Party organization and secretary of the Party committee in charge of the student movement in north Shanghai No. 1 District. He was one of the organizers of the student movement in the city. In the post-liberation years he was secretary of the youth committee under the CPC Hangzhou municipal Party committee in Zhejiang Province and was concurrently head of the youth committee of the East China Bureau of the Party Central Committee.
After 1954 Qiao shifted to the field of industry, working successively as the technical division chief of the Anshan Iron and Steel Co., then the largest iron and steel enterprise in China, and as president of the Design Academy of the Jiuquan Iron and Steel Co., a newly built enterprise in Gansu Province in northwest China.
In 1962, he studied at a theory class in the Supreme Party School of the Party Central Committee for one year. In 1963 he was transferred to the International Liaison Department of the Party Central Committee. At first, he served as a deputy bureau chief, then bureau chief, and deputy head of the department. In 1982, he was promoted to be the head.
In 1985 Qiao became a member of the CPC Political Bureau and served concurrently as a member of the Party's Central Committee and Secretariat and secretary of its Political Science and Law Committee. In 1986, he was appointed vice-premier of the State Council.