The Third Plenum of the 16th CPC Central Committee
The Third Plenary Session of the 16th CPC Central Committee was held in Beijing on October 11-14, 2003. The session heard and discussed a work report delivered by General Secretary Hu Jintao on behalf of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee. It also deliberated and approved the Decision on Issues Regarding the Improvement of the Socialist Market Economic System and the Proposal on Revising Part of the Constitution of the PRC, and decided to submit the two documents to the Standing Committee of the 10th NPC for deliberation.
Held at a crucial period of China's reform and development, the plenum centered on the improvement of the country's socialist market economic system, putting forward a series of new ideas and perspectives set to give strong impetus to the ongoing economic restructuring.
At this session, the CPC Central Committee worked out the guidelines and basic principles for deepening the economic restructuring. The concept of "scientific development" was clearly defined. It calls for firm adherence to the people-first principle and comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development so as to bring about an all-round progress of economy, society and humanity. To coordinate development in both urban and rural areas and in different regions, integrate economic and social development, achieve harmonious development between man and nature and coordinate domestic development and opening up to the outside world, it is of essential importance to give bigger play to the fundamental role of the market in resource allocation, increase the vitality and competitiveness of enterprises, improve state macro-control and enhance the government's functions in social management and public service, thereby forging strong institutional guarantees for building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way.
After this plenum, the CPC Central Committee adopted the Regulations on Internal Supervision (Trial Implementation) and the Regulations on Disciplinary Penalties. Following the principle of advancing inner-Party democracy and safeguarding the Party's unity, the regulations focus on maintaining the Party's vitality and creativity through promoting inner-Party democracy and on guaranteeing the unblocked implementation of the central leadership's decisions and instructions, thus raising Party organizations' combat effectiveness through defending the Party's unity and the central leadership's authority.
(NO. 42 OCTOBER 20, 2005, title: "More Reforms on Cards to Ensure Equity" )