Burundi's rice cultivation benefits from Chinese experience
By Li Kaizhi  ·  2021-01-12  ·   Source: NO.2 JANUARY 14, 2021
Hu Shuangquan works at the Socopa Rice Processing Plant in Bubanza Province, Burundi, in April 2019 (COURTESY PHOTO)

Affected by the novel coronavirus pandemic, Hu Shuangquan, a Chinese agricultural specialist who had planned to wind up his mission in Africa in mid-March 2020, is still staying in Burundi. "From late March to early November, Burundi closed its international borders, and fresh agricultural expert groups from China could not come to Burundi as scheduled," Hu said.

In order to ensure the continuity of the program, Hu and another Chinese expert stayed behind. Their main task is to carry on experimental demonstration and technical training, popularize hybrid rice, and ensure a smooth handover and successful operation of the newly created Burundi Agricultural Technology Demonstration Center.

"We are staying on to make hybrid rice plantation more effective and accelerate the localization process of hybrid rice seeds," Hu said.

Many Chinese agricultural experts are working on the African continent, aiming to increase crop yields and improve the level of agricultural industry development. Hu, 49, is one of them.

Three years ago, Hu worked in the Agricultural Technology Service Center of Xiaoling Township, Chongyang County in Hubei Province, central China. Now, he is in a Chinese agricultural expert group working in Burundi, where they provide technical assistance to the local people.

"From 2003 to 2014, I worked in three African countries. During that period, I found that there was much to be improved in Africa in terms of agricultural production, processing and storage technology. So, after learning of this program, I signed up immediately and am honored to be picked out," Hu said.

In March 2018, when Hu set foot on the African continent again, he was determined to do his utmost to help African people with his expertise.

Raising rice yield

In January 2020, Hu received a call from the technical director of the Socopa Rice Processing Plant in Bubanza Province, who told him anxiously that their rice-polishing machine did not work and asked him for help.

Hu immediately drove more than 30 km to get to the place, and after a careful inspection, he debugged the equipment to return it to normal. The plant completed the processing task on schedule.

Hu often came across problems such as this. "A request is a 'call of duty.' I am very pleased to be of help during my tenure," Hu said.

Burundi is an agricultural country with more than 90 percent of the population engaged in agricultural production, where the mode of production is relatively underdeveloped. "The situation is similar to China's in the 1970s and 1980s. Therefore, my work experience gained back in China may serve as a practical guide for boosting agricultural development here," Hu added.

In June 2018, in order to increase rice production, Hu and his Chinese colleagues used Socopa Rice Processing Plant as an experimental demonstration site to help it build a high-quality rice brand and lead the development of Burundi's rice production.

Hu donated the rice-polishing machine used by the Chinese expert group to the factory. He also wrote a manual on quality control and processing to maintain lasting rice-processing quality.

The output and profits of the factory are on the rise. Its production capacity has increased from 0.3 ton per hour to 1 ton per hour, and the rice quality has been upgraded from the third grade with the lowest market price to the top grade with the highest price. Moreover, the factory's energy consumption and labor costs have been reduced by $6 per ton, with its total rice output and sales both increasing from less than 10 tons per month to more than 36 tons per month.

At this point, Hu began to help with brand building and marketing for the factory's rice. He designed colorful packaging bags and publicity pictures, and distributed them in local residential areas and shops.

With the support of the National Center of Food Technology of Burundi, Hu endeavored to optimize the formula of a popular fried snack. He ground rice into powder, and mixed it with flour to make the snack that meets the taste of the locals.

"We use 140 kg of flour and 60 kg of rice flour to make the snack of the same value, which reduces the cost of materials by thousands of dollars a year," Hu said. "Compared with the previous formula, this new one is better, and the production cost is lower."

Finding solutions

According to Hu, Burundi's agricultural processing machinery is mainly dependent on import, and sometimes it is difficult to repair or replace damaged parts after breakdowns.

"I would try to get in touch with manufacturers, helping them get the parts they need. Meanwhile, I have been training local technicians to enhance their awareness of equipment maintenance," Hu noted.

In order to learn more about Burundi's agricultural product processing industry, Hu conducted field research in crop-planting areas across the country. He wrote a number of reports and research papers, providing insight into the development of the industry.

On the 2020 World Food Day on October 23, Burundian President Évariste Ndayishimiye made a speech speaking highly of China-Burundi agricultural cooperation.

Ndayishimiye said that over the years, a number of countries and world organizations have supported the revitalization of Burundi's agriculture. He went on to say that Burundi is especially grateful to China for helping Burundi with its economic and social development.

(Print Edition Title: THE FIELD OF HOPE)  

Copyedited by Madhusudan Chaubey

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