Fact Check
Fairness reigns
By Lan Xinzhen  ·  2024-05-06  ·   Source: NO.19 MAY 9, 2024

At a United Nations Security Council meeting in New York City on April 18, the United States voted against a widely backed draft resolution that would pave the way for Palestine to obtain full UN membership. 

The draft resolution recommended to the 193-member UN General Assembly that "the State of Palestine be admitted to membership of the United Nations." The U.S. used its veto power after the draft had secured 12 votes in favor in the 15-member Security Council. 

In a statement released following the vote, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said the U.S. veto was "unfair, immoral, and unjustified, and defies the will of the international community, which strongly supports the State of Palestine obtaining full membership in the United Nations."

A severe humanitarian crisis continues to unfold in the Palestinian enclave of Gaza. The U.S. has denied Palestine full UN membership, but it can neither deny the worldwide call for an immediate ceasefire, nor the global desire for a just and lasting solution to the Palestinian question.

China, for one, consistently stands for peace, justice and human conscience. Regarding the Palestinian question, China supports full UN membership for Palestine and advocates for the two-state solution, which calls for the creation of a Palestinian state living in peace with Israel with East Jerusalem being its capital.

"Impartial and fair, the kingly approach always prevails." 

On January 18, 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping quoted this old Chinese proverb when delivering a keynote speech titled Work Together to Build a Community of Shared Future for Humankind at the United Nations Office at Geneva, Switzerland.

The quote derives from the Book of Documents, an ancient compilation of historical legends spanning from mythical origins to the Zhou Dynasty (c. 1046-256 B.C.) in Chinese antiquity.

It cautions people to act with impartiality, not abuse their power for personal gain and always follow the path of justice.

"Unilateralism driven by greed is leading us—rich and poor, strong and weak—to a catastrophe," Tanzanian Vice President Philip Isdor Mpango said at the General Debate of the 77th Session of the UN General Assembly on September 22, 2022. In recent years, developing countries have elevated their cooperation, and collectively demanded a more equitable international order. In doing so, they have fostered more impartial international relations.

However, the world continues to face challenges such as unilateralism and hegemonism, which perpetuate global injustice.

China's Law on Foreign Relations, which took effect on July 1, 2023, states China pursues an independent foreign policy of peace, and observes the five principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, mutual non-interference in internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence.

These principles, commonly known as the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, were first put forward by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai on December 31, 1953, when he met with a visiting Indian delegation. They were elaborated at the Asian-African Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, in April 1955 and incorporated into the 10 principles for conducting international relations, or the Ten Principles of Bandung, adopted at the conference.

Over the past decade, China has put forward a series of proposals for improving global governance. These include building a community with a shared future for humanity and the Belt and Road Initiative, which aims to boost connectivity along and beyond the ancient Silk Road routes.

The concepts and initiatives resonate with the global pursuit of peace, justice and progress, and have garnered widespread recognition and support, especially among developing nations.

China observes the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and is committed to settling international disputes by peaceful means. The country upholds the principle that all countries are equal, regardless of size, strength or development level, and supports humanity's common values of peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom.

"Impartial and fair, the kingly approach always prevails." As long as the international community can adhere to the principles of peaceful coexistence and win-win cooperation, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for humanity, it will surely be able to solve challenges such as regional conflicts and unilateralism, and foster a truly equal and just international relationship.

Copyedited by Elsbeth van Paridon 

Comments to lanxinzhen@cicgamericas.com 

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