How a country is doing on human rights is essentially gauged by whether the interests of its people are upheld, and whether they enjoy a growing sense of fulfillment, happiness and security. Those are the most important criteria for assessing the human rights conditions of a country.
Protecting human rights is a perpetual pursuit of the Communist Party of China (CPC). It upholds basic subsistence and development as the primary human rights, something that many in the West may not realize are as important as, if not more important than, the rights their society has taught them to value.
China has engaged in a truly historic poverty reduction campaign over recent decades, pooling resources across the country on a scale never before seen in human history. After eight years of targeted efforts, it eliminated absolute poverty as scheduled at the end of 2020—10 years ahead in realizing the "no poverty" goal of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Taking strengthening the safety net as an important way to improve human rights protection, China has put in place the world's largest social security system, including pensions, healthcare and social assistance, so that the nation's economic development benefits all, especially the most vulnerable groups. In 2019, the life expectancy of Chinese citizens rose to 77.3 years, compared with 35 years in 1949.
Facing the COVID-19 pandemic, China has made people's lives and health its top priority. In early 2020, it launched an unprecedented medical assistance operation to support the efforts in Wuhan and other locations in Hubei Province. It has since remained on high alert, curbing resurgences as quickly as possible, while forging ahead with economic and social development.
In human rights protection, no one can claim perfection and there is always room for improvement. On this journey, China is committed to following a path that best suits its own realities in light of people's aspirations for a better life. The CPC will lead the nation in an unending effort to advance human rights while pursuing development of a higher quality—more innovative, coordinated, sustainable, open and inclusive. Progress in the world's most populous country, of course, also contributes to the global cause.