Two rosters of Japanese army hospitals that cooperated with Unit 731, a Japanese germ warfare army during World War II, has gone on public display for the first time in Harbin, northeast China's Heilongjiang Province.
The new evidence of "crimes committed by Unit 731 through military-medical coordination" was made public on September 3 by the Exhibition Hall of Evidences of Crime Committed by Unit 731 of the Japanese Imperial Army, which is located in Harbin, as China marks the 78th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War.
The rosters contained lists of names of staff members from 24 Japanese army hospitals in Chinese cities, including Harbin, Dalian, and Mudanjiang.
Six pages in length, and classified as a military secret, the rosters were compiled by the Japanese Kwantung Army in August 1940, and discovered in the National Archives of Japan as a result of the cooperation of the exhibition hall and Japanese scholar Seiya Matsuno.
Furthermore, clues about cooperation between a Japanese army hospital in Harbin and Unit 731 in a plague outbreak in Jilin Province have also been discovered.
A document showed that in October 1940, the Japanese Kwantung Army dispatched the Japanese army hospital in Harbin to engage in the "prevention and control" of plague bacteria carried out by Unit 731, which was, in fact, operations to test the results of a plague bacteria attack in the name of outbreak control.
The discoveries further suggested that the Japanese army hospital in Harbin was closely related to Unit 731 and was an extension of medical crimes committed by Unit 731, said Jin Shicheng, a researcher with the exhibition hall.
Studies found that the human experiments and germ warfare carried out by Unit 731 were assisted by Japanese wartime medical institutions, said Jin Chengmin, curator of the exhibition hall. "It once again proves that the Japanese invasion of China was a top-down, organized, and planned group crime carried out by the Japanese militarism."
Unit 731 was a top-secret biological and chemical warfare research base established in Harbin as the nerve center for Japanese biological warfare in China and Southeast Asia during World War II.