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Understanding China Through Keywords (01/12/16)
Prevailing terms help to expand understanding of China
  ·  2016-11-28  ·   Source: NO. 48 November 1, 2016

Learning keywords is one of the best ways to keep abreast of the latest developments in a country. The China Academy of Translation, a research institute affiliated with the China International Publishing Group, the country's leading international publisher, regularly analyzes prevailing Chinese terms in various sectors and translates them into a number of foreign languages ranging from English to Arabic. In each issue, Beijing Review presents a selection of these keywords to help readers know more about China.

Maintaining and developing an open world economy

China is committed to maintaining and developing an open world economy. It encourages all countries to open their doors wider, stand firm against protectionism in all its forms and work in tandem to promote the growth of the world economy. To this end, they should work for a free, open and nondiscriminatory multilateral trading system, and resist any standards, rules or policies that condone or encourage exclusionary trade practices. Efforts are called for to avoid undue fragmentation of the global market and trading system. All avenues should be explored to improve global investment rules, and ensure rational flows and more effective allocation of global development resources.

Improving global economic governance

The goal of improving global economic governance is to transform economic globalization into a balanced, win-win process that brings benefits to all. The process has to be balanced so as to accommodate the needs of both developed and developing countries, and address their concerns. It should ensure that real results and benefits will accrue to all countries and their people. It should be a win-win game in which the interests and development needs of individual countries are interlocked and coordinated. Global economic governance requires the participation of all countries, and in particular, enhanced representation of and a bigger say for emerging-market and developing countries.

A holistic view of national security

In April 2014, while presiding over the first meeting of the National Security Commission of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, Xi Jinping emphasized the need to take a holistic view of national security. Through such an approach, a full spectrum of security issues are assessed, ranging from human security, which is the ultimate concern, political security, which is of overarching importance, and economic security, which underpins all other considerations, to military, cultural and social perspectives, which reinforce efforts in other areas, and the promotion of international security, which provides support for measures taken in a national context. Along this line of thinking China is setting out to build a national security system with Chinese characteristics.

Such a holistic approach calls for a focus on both internal and external security. Internally, it is essential to promote development, continue reform, maintain stability and create a safe environment. Externally, China should promote international peace, seek cooperation and mutual benefit, and strive to bring harmony to the world.

Homeland security and the security of Chinese citizens are both of paramount importance. All initiatives taken in this respect will be people-centered, and implemented for the people, on the basis of the people's needs and with the support of the people. Security issues, both traditional and non-traditional, will be taken into account.

The national security system China envisages will integrate not only political security and homeland security, but also security-related military, economic, cultural and social concerns, science and technology, and information, ecological, resource and nuclear security. Development issues will be considered in tandem with security issues. Development provides a basis for security, whereas security constitutes a necessary condition for development.

China's national security must also be viewed in the context of international security. For the sake of an international community with a shared future, all countries should work toward the goal of satisfying the world's security needs in a way that is beneficial to all.

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